The advent of e-governance has ushered in a new digital innovation in the electronic delivery of public services and information between the government and the citizens. However, the tremendous capabilities of e-governance is threaten due to the risk factors inherent in the current e-governance system .
Unfortunately, e-governance risk assessment from cyber security point of view receives little or no attention in the handlers of e-governance projects in the country.
Cyber security of critical components of e-governance infrastructure is currently becoming an extremely urgent subject matter worldwide. Thus, this paper seek to highlight the cyber security risk and structural weakness of e-governance, the root cause and the impact on the overall direction e-governance, as well as provoking strategic needs for structural re-adjustment through fundamental engagement of the framework of cyber security strategy.
The E-Governance (e-G)
E-G is the deployment of internet and the World Wide Web for delivery of government information, and services to the citizens (United Nation 2006; AOEMA, 2005).
The World Bank defines e-government as “the use of information and communications technologies by governments to enhance the range and quality of information and services provided to citizens, businesses, civil society organizations, and other government agencies in an efficient, cost-effective and convenient manner, making government processes more transparent and accountable and strengthening democracy.”
This involves engagement of information technology, communication technology and other web-based telecommunication technologies that have tremendous capabilities to deliver public services, information and data to citizens, while enabling proactive citizens’ participation and active engagement in governance, consultation, deliberation, transaction, services delivery, and knowledge policy.
Operational Scope of e-G
Traditionally, e-G is centered around the operations of government
Currently, e-G now include citizen engagement and participation in governance through the use of ICT to achieve better governance.
Mode of e-G delivery & their Limitations
i. Government to Citizens (G2C)
Uses CRM principles, where citizen is seen as customers or consumer. E.g Nigerian Immigration Portal
ii. Government to Business (G2B)
Government transaction dealing with contractors/organize private sectors. E.g Nigeria Stock Exchange Portal, CBN portals, e-payment system
iii. Government to Employees (G2E)
E. g Nigeria Pension Scheme System,
iv. Government to Government (G2G)
e. g Unified Communication via a structure dedicated Virtual Private Network. Usually among heads of state,