This paper outlines a migration path towards Universal Broadband Connectivity, motivated byhighlighting the advantages of and policy implications for a novel asynchronous wireless communications network.
We argue that the cost of real-time, circuit-switched communications is sufficiently high that it may be the wrong starting point for rural connectivity. Based on market data for information and communication technology (ICT) services in rural India, we propose a combination of wireless technology with an asynchronous mode of communications that offers a means of introducing ICTs with:
The Digital Divide is just as much about a gap in understanding as it is a gap in connectivity. There are often clear fundamental differences between what is proposed by technology visionaries, many of whom have never seen a village, and what is actually needed by end-users, many of whom have never used a telephone.