The GPS (Global Positioning System) is a â€œconstellationâ€ of 24 well-spaced satellites that orbit the Earth and make it possible for people with ground receivers to pinpoint their geographic location. The location accuracy is anywhere from 100 to 10 meters for most equipment. Accuracy can be pinpointed to within one (1) meter with special military-approved equipment. GPS equipment is widely used in science and has now become sufficiently low-cost so that almost anyone can own a GPS receiver.
GPS receivers are becoming consumer products. In addition to their outdoor use (hiking, cross-country skiing, ballooning, flying, and sailing), receivers can be used in cars to relate the driverâ€™s location with traffic and weather information. Here are some Web locations that describe GPS receiver productsThe GPS is owned and operated by the U.S. Department of Defense but is available for general use around the world. Briefly, hereâ€™s how it works: