There is a vital role played by the training and development in the working of the organizations. The training has many implications for health, productivity and safety in the personal development. The programs related to the training and development provided by an organization consist of a wide range of educational techniques. It may be attended by staff on a voluntary or compulsory basis.
In simple words, it can define as an educational process that consists of sharpening of skills, gaining extra knowledge, changing of attitude for promoting the performance of the company’s employees. It is known by many other names such as Human Capital Development, Human Resource Development, and Learning & Development.
What is the difference between training and development?
This is typical questions to to give clear answer. Previously many authors have defined the difference between training and development, but still there is little confusion in understanding the difference. In fact many organisations are using term "training and development" as one and same. Mostly we hear the term "training" for the purpose of the developing skills and knowledge among employees. Both training and development are continuous and core tasks of organisation, but employee training will be for the particular job to develop skills in concern particular job for a particular period and will be given periodically whenever updating of skills needed for performing particular job and moreover training is meant for the purpose of development of technicality among employees.
Training is mainly provided for making employee aware on how to handle particular job, technology or equipment for doing particular task or function in the organisation. ultimately training of employees will be by way of teaching by the professional in particular job which involves technicality to develop skill. In many and large organisations even in governmental organisations financial budgeting provides a separate budget for the purpose of employee training as a key overhead which has been not ignored ever.
Because employee training is very expensive, especially if we take information technology companies spends large amounts for providing training to their employees and frequency of training is high because change of technology is not constant and updated continuously.
Therefore to make aware of new technology and update their skills in accordance with new technology, training of employees is more frequent as that of other industries.
Coming to employee development we don't hear or see as that of employee training program in the organisation. Employee development is psychological oriented mainly provided for people who deals with managerial tasks. As compared to technical staff, managerial staff will be very low in number because manager who is having more efficiency can manage more number of people which is a real manager capability, but coming to technical jobs cannot be done by one or with minimum available skilled labour if there is need for high or large production. ultimately development of employees is by way of learning by way of observations to develop knowledge. In fact training is also provided for management level personnel to understand technicalities involved and nature of work done by the staff working under them, ultimately to manage them.
The Need for Training and Development
Before we say that technology is responsible for increased need of training inputs to employees, it is important to understand that there are other factors too that contribute to the latter. Training is also necessary for the individual development and progress of the employee, which motivates him to work for a certain organisation apart from just money. We also require training update employees of the market trends, the change in the employment policies and other things.
The following are the two biggest factors that contribute to the increased need to training and development in organisations:
1. Change: The word change encapsulates almost everything. It is one of the biggest factors that contribute to the need of training and development. There is in fact a direct relationship between the two. Change leads to the need for training and development and training and development leads to individual and organisational change, and the cycle goes on and on. More specifically it is the technology that is driving the need; changing the way how businesses function, compete and deliver.
2. Development: It is again one the strong reasons for training and development becoming all the more important. Money is not the sole motivator at work and this is especially very true for the 21st century. People who work with organisations seek more than just employment out of their work; they look at holistic development of self. Spirituality and self awareness for example are gaining momentum world over. People seek happiness at jobs which may not be possible unless an individual is aware of the self. At ford, for example, an individual can enrol himself / herself in a course on ‘self awareness’, which apparently seems inconsequential to ones performance at work but contributes to the spiritual well being of an individual which is all the more important.