Self-Reconfigurable modular robotics represents a new approach to robotic hardware. Instead of designing a new and different mechanical robot for each task, a generic â€œrobotâ€ is composed of many simple, identical, interacting and possibly lowpriced modules. The versatility of the robot emerges from the connection of all its components. Furthermore, given some mechanical abilities, a modular robot can even modify the position of its components to meet the demands of different tasks or different working environments. Recently, some researchers achieved the construction of a modular robot able to replicate itself in a three-dimensional environment, opening a whole world of potential applications. Modular robots are particularly well-suited to outdoor tasks, away from civilisation, where both mission and geography may be unpredictable.
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